What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
Chronic Venous Insufficiency, also called CVI, it is a type of venous disease affecting 2-5% of the population. With CVI the body is unable to pump the blood that is deplete of oxygen blood back to the heart. Chronic Venous Insufficiency usually occurs in the blood vessels in the legs. The body is unable to pull the fluids upwards against gravity from these lower limb vessels. This causes pooling of these fluids in the legs, causing swelling, pain, and chronic venous insufficiency.
What causes Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
To keep the blood flowing up against gravity, the veins contain one-way valves. When the venous system and valves malfunctions, blood will flow backwards. When these blood vessels become blocked, blood and other fluids cannot filter. Pressure is built up in the veins causing venous hypertension, swelling, edema and ultimately chronic venous insufficiency. When blood flow is affected and blood pools, tissues are not fed, vessels become inflamed and blood clots can form. This will lead to deep vein thrombosis and chronic venous insufficiency. Blood clots are an endangerment to life. When a blood clot is detached, they can travel to the lungs, and like a fatal bullet, can kill.
Some conditions that can cause blood clots that lead to chronic venous insufficiency include: standing for long periods of time; surgery, or prolonged bed rest. Genetics, obesity, pregnancy, smoking, age and occupations that requires long hours of standing can also increase the risks of CVI.
Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Symptoms of CVI usually show up in the legs. Common symptoms:
There are also other conditions which should be closely monitored:
Diagnosis of Chronic Venous Insufficiency
There are various procedures used to diagnose Chronic Venous Insufficiency. They include:
Chronic Venous Insufficiency Treatment Options
There are a number of ways in which chronic venous insufficiency is treated. Various methods and procedures include: Manual Compression, Lymphatic Massage Therapy, Use of a Sequential Compression Pump, Ankle Pump, or Compression Stockings. They are all used to relieve pressure and pain in the legs, decrease swelling, and prohibit blood clots. However, these procedures do not treat the source of the problem.
Other treatment options include providing the patient medications such as diurectics or anticoagulants. These medicines will reduce fluid build-up or dissolve blood clots. If chronic venous insufficiency brings about varicose veins, some of the varicose vein treatments such as Clarivein and ELVT may be applied. Other methods have included sclerotherapy, ligation to strip veins, vein transplant, or subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Vein Surgery. After surgery, doctors will provide an exercise regimen to help or require elevation of the legs or use of elastic compression.
Should I seek treatment for Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
The initial symptoms for Chronic Venous Insufficiency may seem like only a cosmetic issue but there are many reasons to treat CVI early before its complications develop.
Find out more about Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Treatment options
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